Moon Gardening by Priscilla Woolworth
The gardening calendar is based on the phase and position of the Moon, and is consistent across all growing zones. Recommended dates are “weather permitting.”
Just as the Moon’s gravitational pull affects the tides, it also has a more subtle but still relevant effect on soil moisture, pulling it toward the surface. More moisture towards the surface improves germination. Also, some seeds, such as lettuce- germinate better when they’re exposed to light, so planting during a Full Moon enhances germination. Sow seeds for crops that yield an aboveground harvest when the Moon is increasing (going from New Moon to Full Moon). Root crops, on the other hand, are best planted during the waning moon (going from Full Moon to New Moon).
February MOON Phase Schedule:
February 1st-9th: Waxing Moon
February 10th: Full Moon
February 11th-25th: Waning Moon
February 26th: New Moon
February 27th-March 11th: Waxing Moon
Garden Chores to be done where weather permitting, during the month of February are:
Plant camellias, flowering bulbs, bare root fruit trees, roses, cane berries, grapes, artichoke, asparagus, rhubarb, strawberries and perennial flowers
Finish pruning deciduous fruit trees and fertilize them before the buds swell
Dig and divide perennials
Prune berries, grapes, roses, shrubs and vines
Prune citrus and fertilize at the end of the month
Fertilize perennials, bulbs and fig trees
Dig organic matter into beds
Start a compost pile with all the leaves and cuttings from the garden!
Plant in your flower garden: candytuft, columbine, coreopsis, delphinium, foxglove, hollyhock, lobelia, lupine, lavender, nicotiana, penstemon, poppy, salvia, stock, sweet peas, and yarrow
Plant in your vegetable garden: broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, leeks, mustard, chard, peas, lettuce, spinach, celery, carrots, beets, parsnip, radish, potatoes, pepper, and eggplant
Following is a Moon Gardening calendar for February and which days are best for specific chores:
February 1—9, the Moon is in the Waxing phase, when the lunar gravitational pull brings the water up, which makes it a good time of the month to encourage plant growth and proliferation. Plant seeds, transplant, re-pot, trim and prune for growth. Also, fruits and vegetables that are tender and should be eaten immediately are at their best when gathered at the Waxing Moon, because the water content is higher, salads are crunchier, and juicier.
Recommended days for these garden chores:
Feb 1st-2nd: Turn sod; get rid of plant pests.
Feb 3rd-4th: Sow grains, hay and forage crops; plant flowers and root crops.
Feb 5th-7th: Start seedbeds; transplant; plant carrots, turnips, onions, beets, Irish potatoes, and other root crops (esp. in the South); plant lettuce and other leafy vegetables.
Feb 10th: Full Moon
The 4 days before and also 4 days after the Full Moon is the best time to prune, plant seeds (they germinate faster when planted at the full moon because they absorb more water) and fertilize plants as close to the Full Moon as possible. Cut bamboo and sow a lawn or put down sod. The Full Moon is when water is at the highest level in the month. Best time to pick tomatoes. Harvest grapes to be used in winemaking as close to the full moon as possible because the grapes will retain more juice and bouquet. Gather any herbs to be used for their essential oils at the Full Moon because oil content is more concentrated at this time.
Feb 10th-12th: Plant root crops
February 11-25: the Moon is in the Waning phase, and the energy of the earth is drawn down but the gravitational pull is high, creating more moisture in the soil and this energy goes into the roots making it a good time of the month to sow crops that produce their yield below ground and control plant growth by pruning, weeding, and controlling garden pests, as well as dividing perennials. This is the best time for garden maintenance because the growth cycle of plants decreases. Fruit trees do best planted at this time of the month because the position of the moon encourages development of root growth and tree bark, essential to their success. This is also the best time to cut wood, because it resists parasites and cures better. Farmers pick their apples, cabbages, potatoes and onions at the Waning Moon, when water content is lowest and so the harvest stores better and keeps longer. Best time to dry herbs, flowers and fruit and the herbs are at their most potent. Also, add potassium fertilizer to plants that need it because it will be better absorbed at this time. Mow your lawn to slow growth. First time composting, start your composting during this period because the Waning Moon phase helps aid in the decomposition of plant matter.
Recommended days for these garden chores:
Feb 13th – 14th: Fine for clearing, plowing, fertilizing, and killing plant pests.
Feb 15th – 17th: Extra good for cucumbers, peas, cantaloupes, and other vine crops. Set strawberry plants. Plant peppers, sweet corn, tomatoes, and other aboveground crops in southern Florida, California, and Texas.
Feb: 18th – 19th: Seeds planted now will grow poorly and yield little.
Feb 20th – 21st: Fine for planting beans, peppers, cucumbers, melons, and other aboveground crops where climate is suitable.
Feb 22nd – 23rd: Any seed planted now will tend to rot.
Feb 24th – 25th: Plant seedbeds and flower gardens. Fine for planting beans, tomatoes, corn, cotton, cucumbers, peppers, melons, and other aboveground crops where climate allows.
Feb 26: New Moon
Feb 27-March 11: Waxing phase starts
Feb 26th – 28th: Clear ground, turn sod, get rid of plant pests.
-Organic gardening practices teach us how to plant in harmony with nature-