March 2017 Eco Gardening

March 2017 Eco Gardening
February 28, 2017 Christina Mullin

What to Buy at the local Farmer’s Market:

What to Plant in the Garden:

Moon Gardening by Priscilla Woolworth

Check out my blog: Gardening according to the phases of the Moon, and learn why and how the Moon’s position affects your garden:

March MOON Phase Schedule:

March 1st-11th: Waxing Moon

March 12th: Full Moon

March 13th-26th: Waning Moon

March 27th: New Moon

March 28th-April 2nd: Waxing Moon

Garden Chores to be done during the month of March are:

Plant coreopsis, cosmos, marigolds and yarrow near your vegetable garden to lure in ladybugs, hoverflies and lacewings; they will keep away your insect pests.

Harden off seedlings by gradually setting them outside

Prune frost damaged plants only after all freezing temperatures have passed for the season and new growth begins.

Check for aphids in the new growth and get rid of them by spraying with water; repeat weekly.

Divide crowded perennials after bloom

Plant roses, cane berries, grapes, artichoke, rhubarb and strawberry.

Best time to plant Citrus trees. Four cool citrus that do well in pots are: ‘Gold Nugget’ Mandarin, Australian Finger Lime, Organic Meyer Lemon and the Variegated Pink Eureka Lemon

 Good time to add nitrogen rich Blood Meal to your plants, fruit, ornamental trees, shrubs, lawns, container plants, houseplants, perennials, and groundcovers.

 Feed azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons with acid fertilizer and prune after bloom.

Great time to start your herb garden by planting seeds of arugula, chervil, cilantro and dill as well as chives, parsley, rosemary, sage, savory and tarragon.

Plant in your flower garden: coreopsis, cornflower, flowering tobacco, larkspur, marigold, calendula, cosmos, geranium, nasturtium, nigella, poppy, salvia, zinnia, coneflower, dianthus, foxglove, hollyhock, penstemon, columbine, delphinium, lavender, statice, and yarrow

Plant in your vegetable garden: lettuce, spinach, tomato, pepper, eggplant, squash, cucumber, pumpkin, melon, basil, onion, peas, chard, celery, turnip, carrot, beet, parsnip, radish, potato, chives, parsley, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kale, leeks, mustard, and tomato

Following is a Moon Gardening calendar for March and which days are best for specific chores:

March 1st-11th: the Moon is in the Waxing phase, when the lunar gravitational pull brings the water up, which makes it a good time of the month to encourage plant growth and proliferation. Plant seeds, transplant, re-pot, trim and prune for growth. Also, fruits and vegetables that are tender and should be eaten immediately are at their best when gathered at the Waxing Moon, because the water content is higher, salads are crunchier, and juicier.

The 4 days before and also 4 days after the Full Moon is the best time to prune, plant seeds (they germinate faster when planted at the full moon because they absorb more water) and fertilize plants as close to the Full Moon as possible. Cut bamboo and sow a lawn or put down sod.

The Full Moon is when water is at the highest level in the month. Best time to pick tomatoes. Harvest grapes to be used in winemaking as close to the full moon as possible because the grapes will retain more juice and bouquet. Gather any herbs to be used for their essential oils at the Full Moon because oil content is more concentrated at this time.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

March 2-3: Plant hardy above ground annuals, especially cabbages and leafy greens

March 6-8:  Plant hardy above ground annuals

March 10-11: Plant flowering vines and medicinal plants

March 12th: Full Moon

March 13th-26th, the Moon is Waning, and the energy of the earth is drawn down but the gravitational pull is high, creating more moisture in the soil and this energy goes into the roots making it a good time of the month to sow crops that produce their yield below ground and control plant growth by pruning, weeding, and controlling garden pests, as well as dividing perennials. This is the best time for garden maintenance because the growth cycle of plants decreases.  Fruit trees do best planted at this time of the month because the position of the moon encourages development of root growth and tree bark, essential to their success. This is also the best time to cut wood, because it resists parasites and cures better. Farmers pick their apples, cabbages, potatoes and onions at the Waning Moon, when water content is lowest and so the harvest stores better and keeps longer. Best time to dry herbs, flowers and fruit and the herbs are at their most potent. Also, add potassium fertilizer to plants that need it because it will be better absorbed at this time. Mow your lawn to slow growth.  First time composting, start your composting during this period because the Waning Moon phase helps aid in the decomposition of plant matter.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

March 15-17: Plant for root growth and transplant perennials

March 17-20: Harvest and cultivate; plant tubers and fruit trees

March 20-22: Graft, clone, prune and fertilize

March 22-24: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

March 25-26: Prune, water, compost and fertilize

March 27: New Moon

March 29-30: Plant hardy above ground annuals, especially cabbages and leafy greens

March 28th-April 12: Waxing phase

Happy Gardening!

Priscilla

What to buy at your local farmer’s market: Artichoke, Potatoes, Tangerines

What to plant in your garden: Nasturtium, Basil, Squash