June 2017 Eco-Gardening

June 2017 Eco-Gardening
June 1, 2017 Christina Mullin

What to Buy at the local Farmer’s Market:

Strawberries, Apricots, Mangoes

What to Plant in the Garden:

Tomatoes, Sunflowers, Chard

Moon Gardening by Priscilla Woolworth

Please check out my blog about Gardening according to the phases of the Moon, where I explain it in more detail:

JUNE MOON PHASE SCHEDULE:

June 1st-8th: Waxing Moon

June 9th: Full Moon

June 10th-22nd: Waning Phase

June 23rd: New Moon

June 24th-July 7th: Waxing Phase

Garden Chores to be done in June:
The month of June is a great time to prune any dead wood in shrubs and trees.

Plants with yellowing leaves can be treated with Iron Chelate.

To conserve water, apply a thick layer of mulch on top of your flower beds and around the trees and bushes

Feed roses, citrus trees, and the rest of the garden with fish emulsion or worm juice (natural alternatives to chemical fertilizers). Make sure you dilute these organic fertilizers well, as too much of a good thing can be too strong for your plants: 1 gallon of water + ¼ cup of fertilizer

Harvest onions, garlic and herbs for drying

Cut raspberries to the ground after fruiting

Give tomatoes, pole beans and tall perennials support.

Pinch side shoots on the tomatoes.

Hoe and cultivate the soil where needed and break up the surface.

Feed spring blooming shrubs such as azaleas, lilacs, and rhododendrons

Bait and trap earwigs, slugs and snails

Mow lawns to 3″ high.

Thin fruit trees and water deeply.

Deadhead lilacs and spring flowers.

Plant flowers that attract pollinators:

*Butterflies love flat daisy-like flowers, pentas, zinnias, single marigolds, cosmos, yellow lantana, and osteospermums.

*Hummingbirds love plants with tubular flowers like nicotiana, penstemon, and fuschia.

In your flower garden plant: alyssum, calendula, cosmos, cockscomb, cornflower, geranium, globe amaranth, impatiens, larkspur, morning glory, marigold, nasturtium, nigella, poppy, salvia, sunflower, and zinnia.

In your vegetable garden, plant tomato, pepper, eggplant, squash, cucumber, lettuce, leeks, corn, okra, pumpkin, basil, melon, turnips, carrots, beets, parsnip, radish, and cilantro, onion, bean, and peanuts.

This is the best time to plant avocado, cherimoyas, mango and citrus, such as the gorgeous and delicious Meyer Lemon.

Wash aphids off tender new growth by filling a spray bottle with water + add 1 Teaspoon environmentally safe dish-wash soap and spray the aphids right off the plant.

Another non-toxic method: Make a tea with nettles. Add ¼ cup nettle tea to a spray bottle and fill the rest with water. Shake well and spray on aphids.

Following is a Moon Gardening calendar for June and which days are best for specific chores:

June 1-8, the Moon is in the Waxing phase, when the lunar gravitational pull brings the water up, which makes it a good time of the month to encourage plant growth and proliferation. Plant seeds, transplant, re-pot, trim and prune for growth. Also, fruits and vegetables that are tender and should be eaten immediately are at their best when gathered at the Waxing Moon, because the water content is higher, salads are crunchier, and juicier.

The 4 days before and also 4 days after the Full Moon is the best time to prune, plant seeds (they germinate faster when planted at the full moon because they absorb more water) and fertilize plants as close to the Full Moon as possible. Cut bamboo and sow a lawn or put down sod.

The Full Moon is when water is at the highest level in the month. Best time to pick tomatoes. Harvest grapes to be used in winemaking as close to the full moon as possible because the grapes will retain more juice and bouquet. Gather any herbs to be used for their essential oils at the Full Moon because oil content is more concentrated at this time.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

June 1-2: Plant flowering vines and medicinal plants

June 3-4th: Plant above ground annuals, especially flowers and herbs

June 5-6th: Plant above ground annuals, especially tomatoes; prune and pinch for growth

June 9th: Full Moon

June 10-22, the Moon is Waning, and the energy of the earth is drawn down but the gravitational pull is high, creating more moisture in the soil and this energy goes into the roots making it a good time of the month to sow crops that produce their yield below ground and control plant growth by pruning, weeding, and controlling garden pests, as well as dividing perennials. This is the best time for garden maintenance because the growth cycle of plants decreases. Fruit trees do best planted at this time of the month because the position of the moon encourages development of root growth and tree bark, essential to their success. This is also the best time to cut wood, because it resists parasites and cures better. Farmers pick their apples, cabbages, potatoes and onions at the Waning Moon, when water content is lowest and so the harvest stores better and keeps longer. Best time to dry herbs, flowers and fruit and the herbs are at their most potent. Also, add potassium fertilizer to plants that need it because it will be better absorbed at this time. Mow your lawn to slow growth. First time composting, start your composting during this period because the Waning Moon phase helps aid in the decomposition of plant matter.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

June 10-12: Plant for root growth

June 13-14: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

June 15-16: Plant for root growth

June 17-19: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

June 20th: Fertilize

June 21-22: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

June 23: New Moon

Waxing phase starts again…

June 24-25: plant above ground annuals

June 28-29: Plant flowering vines and medicinal plants

June 30: Plan above ground annuals, especially flowers and herbs

Happy Gardening!

Priscilla