Eco Gardening – September 2017

Eco Gardening – September 2017
September 4, 2017 Christina Mullin

What to Buy at the local Farmer’s Market:

What to Plant in the Garden:

Eco Garden September 2017

West Coast Gardening according to the phases of the Moon and introducing…East Coast Gardening by the Moon.

Gardening chores start winding down over the next few months for the north east but for gardeners living on the west coast, there is plenty to do!

Moon Gardening by Priscilla Woolworth

Please check out my blog about Gardening according to the phases of the Moon, where I explain it in more detail:


Sept. 1-5: Waxing

Sept. 6th: Full Moon

Sept.7th-18th: Waning

Sept. 19th: New Moon

Sept. 20th-Oct. 4th: Waxing


*West Coast Garden Chores for the month of September are:

Continue harvesting your fruits and vegetables

Fertilize established trees, shrubs, groundcovers, and warm season grasses

Feed roses one last time for a strong late bloom

Fertilize cymbidiums with a high phosphorus formula 15-30-15

To nourish an area of your garden where the soil is nutrient poor: plant clover or alfalfa, which helps make your soil more fertile. Another idea: Dig a ditch at least 3 feet down and however long you need it to be, then bury cut branches from your trees, and cover them back up with soil. Over the next year, the branches will decompose, adding nutrients to your soil and also attracting beneficial insects. Plus, you are reducing garden waste. It’s a win win.

Keep soil cool and protect plants during this hot month by spreading organic mulch up to 4″ thick on the beds, making sure to keep mulch away from tree trunks and emerging plants

Sow cover crops, which add nutrients to your soil and wildflowers for the bees.

Prune off or deadhead spent blooms and cane berries

Divide crowded perennials after bloom

Plant and repair lawns

Plant trees now so roots get established during the cooler months ahead

Water trees and citrus deeply

Plant garlic cloves 6 ” apart, pointed ends up & tops 1″deep

Force summer crops by pinching off new blossoms and growing tips on eggplant, melons, squash, and tomatoes

Turn your compost pile and keep it damp

All around your garden, plant bulbs, spring wildflowers, bee balm, calendula, candytuft, clarkia, cornflower, columbine, coreopsis, dianthus, dusty miller, lobelia, lupine, nicotiana, petunia, foxglove, larkspur, nigella, painted daisy, pansy, poppy, snapdragon, sweet pea, sweet alyssum, salvia, scabiosa, stock, verbena, chrysanthemum, delphinium, hollyhock, lavender, penstemon, pincushion flower, rudbeckia, statice, and yarrow

In your vegetable garden plant: lettuce, peas, spinach, chard, turnips, carrots, beets, parsnip, potatoes, radish, bush beans, chives, parsley, cilantro, arugula, chervil, dill, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, celery, onions, garlic, fava beans, lentils, garbanzo beans, and shallots.


*East Coast Garden Chores for September are:

Prepare raised beds for spring by applying organic matter to break down over winter

Harvest tomatoes and peppers before frost

Harvest pumpkins and winter squash when skins are hard

Support heavily laden branches, and pick up fallen fruit

Save seeds of open pollinated varieties

Take perennial cuttings to root over winter in a cold frame

Take cuttings of tender herbs inside for the winter

Dig and store calla lilies, dahlias, gladiolas, and peony

Use row covers, and cold frames to extend season

Move tender houseplants inside after washing with hose

Clean up garden debris, start compost pile

Plant and repair lawns

Prune cane berries that have fruited

Prune off or deadhead spent blooms

Plant trees, and divide crowded perennials after bloom

In your flower garden, plant spring bulbs and wildflowers. Transplant calendula, coreopsis, dianthus, larkspur, lupine, nicotiana, salvia, snapdragons, verbena, carnation, chrysanthemum, columbine, delphinium, foxglove, hollyhock, lavender, penstemon, rudbeckia, statice and yarrow.

In your vegetable garden plant garlic

Following is a Moon Gardening calendar for September and which days are best for specific chores:

September 1st till the 5th, the Moon is in the Waxing phase, when the lunar gravitational pull brings the water up, which makes it a good time of the month to encourage plant growth and proliferation. Plant seeds, transplant, re-pot, trim and prune for growth. Also, fruits and vegetables that are tender and should be eaten immediately are at their best when gathered at the Waxing Moon, because the water content is higher, salads are crunchier, and juicier.

The 4 days before and also 4 days after the Full Moon is the best time to prune, plant seeds (they germinate faster when planted at the full moon because they absorb more water) and fertilize plants as close to the Full Moon as possible. Cut bamboo and sow a lawn or put down sod.

The Full Moon is when water is at the highest level in the month. Best time to pick tomatoes. Harvest grapes to be used in winemaking as close to the full moon as possible because the grapes will retain more juice and bouquet. Gather any herbs to be used for their essential oils at the Full Moon because oil content is more concentrated at this time.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

Sept. 5th:  Plant above ground annuals

Sept. 6th: Full Moon

September 7th till the 18th, the Moon is Waning, and the energy of the earth is drawn down but the gravitational pull is high, creating more moisture in the soil and this energy goes into the roots making it a good time of the month to sow crops that produce their yield below ground and control plant growth by pruning, weeding, and controlling garden pests, as well as dividing perennials. This is the best time for garden maintenance because the growth cycle of plants decreases.  Fruit trees do best planted at this time of the month because the position of the moon encourages development of root growth and tree bark, essential to their success. This is also the best time to cut wood, because it resists parasites and cures better. Farmers pick their apples, cabbages, potatoes and onions at the Waning Moon, when water content is lowest and so the harvest stores better and keeps longer. Best time to dry herbs, flowers and fruit and the herbs are at their most potent. Also, add potassium fertilizer to plants that need it because it will be better absorbed at this time. Mow your lawn to slow growth.  First time composting, start your composting during this period because the Waning Moon phase helps aid in the decomposition of plant matter.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

Sept. 7th-9th: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

Sept. 9th and 10th: Plant for root growth

Sept. 11th-13th: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

Sept. 13th-15th: Prune, water, compost and fertilize

Sept. 15th-17th: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

Sept. 18th: Harvest, cultivate, especially medicinal plants.

Sept. 19th: New Moon

Waxing phase starts again…

Sept.20th and 21st: Plant hardy above ground annuals, especially flowers and herbs.

Sept. 22nd: Autumn Equinox

Sept. 23rd: Plan hardy above ground annuals

Happy Gardening and see you in October!