Eco Garden September 2016

Eco Garden September 2016
August 23, 2016 Christina Mullin

To buy in season: Figs


To buy in season: Avocado


To buy in season: Tomatoes


To plant in season: Radishes


To plant in season: Kale


To plant in season: Carrots

Moon Gardening by Priscilla Woolworth
Please check out my blog about Gardening according to the phases of the Moon, where I’ll explain it in more detail.


September 1st: New Moon
September 2nd-15th: Waxing
September 16th: Full Moon
September 17th-29th: Waning
September 30th: New Moon

Garden Chores for the month of September are:

Continue harvesting your fruits and vegetables

Fertilize established trees, shrubs, groundcovers, and warm season grasses
Feed roses one last time for a strong late bloom
Fertilize cymbidiums with a high phosphorus formula 15-30-15

To nourish an area of your garden where the soil is nutrient poor: plant clover or alfalfa, which helps make your soil more fertile. Another idea: Dig a ditch at least 3 feet down and however long you need it to be, then bury cut branches from your trees, and cover them back up with soil. Over the next year, the branches will decompose, adding nutrients to your soil and also attracting beneficial insects. Plus, you are reducing garden waste. It’s a win win.

Keep soil cool and protect plants during this hot month by spreading organic mulch up to 4″ thick on the beds, making sure to keep mulch away from tree trunks and emerging plants

Sow cover crops, which add nutrients to your soil and wildflowers for the bees.

Prune off or deadhead spent blooms and cane berries
Divide crowded perennials after bloom

Plant and repair lawns

Plant trees now so roots get established during the cooler months ahead

Water trees and citrus deeply

Plant garlic cloves 6 ” apart, pointed ends up & tops 1″deep

Force summer crops by pinching off new blossoms and growing tips on eggplant, melons, squash, and tomatoes

Turn your compost pile and keep it damp

All around your garden, plant bulbs, spring wildflowers, bee balm, calendula, candytuft, clarkia, cornflower, columbine, coreopsis, dianthus, dusty miller, lobelia, lupine, nicotiana, petunia, foxglove, larkspur, nigella, painted daisy, pansy, poppy, snapdragon, sweet pea, sweet alyssum, salvia, scabiosa, stock, verbena, chrysanthemum, delphinium, hollyhock, lavender, penstemon, pincushion flower, rudbeckia, statice, and yarrow

In your vegetable garden plant: lettuce, peas, spinach, chard, turnips, carrots, beets, parsnip, potatoes, radish, bush beans, chives, parsley, cilantro, arugula, chervil, dill, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, celery, onions, garlic, fava beans, lentils, garbanzo beans, and shallots.

Following is a Moon Gardening calendar for September and which days are best for specific chores:

September 1st till the 15th: the Moon is in the Waxing phase, when the lunar gravitational pull brings the water up, which makes it a good time of the month to encourage plant growth and proliferation. Plant seeds, transplant, re-pot, trim and prune for growth. Also, fruits and vegetables that are tender and should be eaten immediately are at their best when gathered at the Waxing Moon, because the water content is higher, salads are crunchier, and juicier.

The 4 days before and also 4 days after the Full Moon is the best time to prune, plant seeds (they germinate faster when planted at the full moon because they absorb more water) and fertilize plants as close to the Full Moon as possible. Cut bamboo and sow a lawn or put down sod.
The Full Moon is when water is at the highest level in the month. Best time to pick tomatoes. Harvest grapes to be used in winemaking as close to the full moon as possible because the grapes will retain more juice and bouquet. Gather any herbs to be used for their essential oils at the Full Moon because oil content is more concentrated at this time.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

Sept. 2nd: Plant flowering vines
Sept. 3rd-7th: Plant hardy above ground annuals
Sept. 15th: Plant hardy above ground annuals
Sept. 16th: Full Moon

September 17th-29th, the Moon is Waning, and the energy of the earth is drawn down but the gravitational pull is high, creating more moisture in the soil and this energy goes into the roots making it a good time of the month to sow crops that produce their yield below ground and control plant growth by pruning, weeding, and controlling garden pests, as well as dividing perennials. This is the best time for garden maintenance because the growth cycle of plants decreases. Fruit trees do best planted at this time of the month because the position of the moon encourages development of root growth and tree bark, essential to their success. This is also the best time to cut wood, because it resists parasites and cures better. Farmers pick their apples, cabbages, potatoes and onions at the Waning Moon, when water content is lowest and so the harvest stores better and keeps longer. Best time to dry herbs, flowers and fruit and the herbs are at their most potent. Also, add potassium fertilizer to plants that need it because it will be better absorbed at this time. Mow your lawn to slow growth. First time composting, start your composting during this period because the Waning Moon phase helps aid in the decomposition of plant matter.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

Sept. 17th-18th: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests
Sept. 19th-20th: Plant for root growth, divide perennials
Sept. 21st-22nd: Harvest, cultivate, weed, and control pests
September 22nd: First Day of Autumn/Autumn Equinox
Sept. 23rd-24th: Prune, water, compost, and fertilize
Sept. 25th-26th: Harvest, cultivate, weed, and control pests
Sept, 27th-29th: Harvest and cultivate, especially medicinal plants
September 30th: New Moon

Happy Gardening!