Eco Garden February 2017

Eco Garden February 2017
November 29, 2016 Christina Mullin

What to Buy at the local Farmer’s Market:

What to Plant in the Garden:

Moon Gardening by Priscilla Woolworth

Check out my blog: Gardening according to the phases of the Moon, and learn why and how the Moon’s position affects your garden:

February MOON Phase Schedule:

February 1st-9th: Waxing Moon

February 10th: Full Moon

February 11th-25th: Waning Moon

February 26th: New Moon

February 27th-March 11th: Waxing Moon

Garden Chores to be done during the month of February are:

Plant camellias, flowering bulbs, bare root fruit trees, roses, cane berries, grapes, artichoke, asparagus, rhubarb, strawberries and perennial flowers

Finish pruning deciduous fruit trees and fertilize them before the buds swell

Dig and divide perennials

Prune berries, grapes, roses, shrubs and vines

Prune citrus and fertilize at the end of the month

Fertilize perennials, bulbs and fig trees

Dig organic matter into beds

Start a compost pile with all the leaves and cuttings from the garden!

Plant in your flower garden: candytuft, columbine, coreopsis, delphinium, foxglove, hollyhock, lobelia, lupine, lavender, nicotiana, penstemon, poppy, salvia, stock, sweet peas, and yarrow

Plant in your vegetable garden: broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, leeks, mustard, chard, peas, lettuce, spinach, celery, carrots, beets, parsnip, radish, potatoes, pepper, and eggplant

Following is a Moon Gardening calendar for February and which days are best for specific chores:

February 1st-9th: the Moon is in the Waxing phase, when the lunar gravitational pull brings the water up, which makes it a good time of the month to encourage plant growth and proliferation. Plant seeds, transplant, re-pot, trim and prune for growth. Also, fruits and vegetables that are tender and should be eaten immediately are at their best when gathered at the Waxing Moon, because the water content is higher, salads are crunchier, and juicier.

The 4 days before and also 4 days after the Full Moon is the best time to prune, plant seeds (they germinate faster when planted at the full moon because they absorb more water) and fertilize plants as close to the Full Moon as possible. Cut bamboo and sow a lawn or put down sod.

The Full Moon is when water is at the highest level in the month. Best time to pick tomatoes. Harvest grapes to be used in winemaking as close to the full moon as possible because the grapes will retain more juice and bouquet. Gather any herbs to be used for their essential oils at the Full Moon because oil content is more concentrated at this time.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

February 2nd-4th: Plant hardy above ground annuals, especially cabbages and leafy greens

February 7th-8th:  Plant hardy above ground annuals

February 10th: Full Moon

February 11th– 25th, the Moon is Waning, and the energy of the earth is drawn down but the gravitational pull is high, creating more moisture in the soil and this energy goes into the roots making it a good time of the month to sow crops that produce their yield below ground and control plant growth by pruning, weeding, and controlling garden pests, as well as dividing perennials. This is the best time for garden maintenance because the growth cycle of plants decreases.  Fruit trees do best planted at this time of the month because the position of the moon encourages development of root growth and tree bark, essential to their success. This is also the best time to cut wood, because it resists parasites and cures better. Farmers pick their apples, cabbages, potatoes and onions at the Waning Moon, when water content is lowest and so the harvest stores better and keeps longer. Best time to dry herbs, flowers and fruit and the herbs are at their most potent. Also, add potassium fertilizer to plants that need it because it will be better absorbed at this time. Mow your lawn to slow growth.  First time composting, start your composting during this period because the Waning Moon phase helps aid in the decomposition of plant matter.

Recommended days for these garden chores:

February 11th-12th: Harvest and cultivate, especially medicinal plants

February 13th-15th: Plant for root growth, divide perennials, especially flowers and herbs

February 16th-17th: Plant for root growth, transplant perennials; prune

February 21st-22nd: Graft, clone, prune and fertilize

February 23rd and 24th: Harvest, cultivate, weed and control pests

February 26th: New Moon

February 27th-March 11th: Waxing phase

Happy Gardening!